PRODUCTION AND CHARACTERISATION OF BRIQUETTES FROM MAIZE STALK AND NEEM LEAVES ADMIXTURE
Journal: Acta Chemica Malaysia (ACMY)
Author: IgeAyodeji Rapheal and Bamisaye Abayomi
This is an open access journal distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited
The concept of using biomass as an alternative source of energy is justified by its availability, abundance, easy accessibility and its eco-friendly nature. This article presents the production of briquettes from Maize stalk (MS), Neem leaves (NL) and maize stalk and neem leaves (MS-NL) admixture using cassava starch as binder. This study presents the effects of the admixture on the quality of the briquette and its combustibility. The physico-chemical parameters of the briquettes were evaluated. The moisture content of all the briquette samples were less than 20% of the recommended standard value with A (100% MS) having the highest mean value of 9.26±0.09% while E (100% NL) recorded the least mean value of 7.48±0.03% at p < 0.05. The volatile matter content decreases in order of 79.04±0.21%, 77.68±0.02%, 72.23±0.05%, 70.37±0.50%, 68.74±0.15% for A, B (75%MS-25%NL), C (50%MS-50%NL), D (25%MS-75%NL) and E respectively. However, the calorific value increases in the order of A, B, C, D and E. In which E recorded the highest mean calorific value of 29.64±0.08 MJ/Kg. The findings of this study show that MS had a negative effect on the physicochemical property of the admixtures. It can be concluded that briquettes produced from NS and admixture with high percentage of NS will make a better biofuel.