IDENTIFICATION OF CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF ESSENTIAL OIL OF HARMALA USING GC-MS ANALYSIS
Journal: Acta Chemica Malaysia (ACMY)
Author:Usman Mureed, Humaira Tassaduq, Ahmad Zulfiqar, Zohaib Saddique
This is an open access journal distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited
Peganum harmala belongs to the Zygophyllaceae family and has a history in traditional medicine for its wide range of therapeutic benefits. These include deterring intestinal parasites, relieving rheumatic symptoms, regulating bodily functions, combating parasites, promoting perspiration, exhibiting potential in anticancer treatment, and providing pain relief. The chemical composition of Peganum harmala L. generally comprises phytochemicals, essential oils, and fixed oils. Additionally, GC-MS analysis was conducted to characterize the extracted oil, revealing nine volatile constituents present in both the seeds and leaves of Peganum harmala L. In terms of antioxidant potential, it demonstrated an impressive 98.085% inhibition rate at a concentration of 100 μg/mL. The extracted essential oils can be explored for medicinal activities.