AGRICULTURAL NITROUS OXIDE EMISSIONS, NUTRITIONAL FOOD PRODUCTION AND LIFE EXPECTANCY IN NIGERIA
Journal: Acta Chemica Malaysia (ACMY)
Author:Inncocent Chile Nzeh, Benedict I. Uzoechina, Nwamaka Joan Ozoh, Victoria Uju Okoli
This is an open access journal distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited
The impact of nutritional food production and the harmful health effect of fertilizer applications on life expectancy in Nigeria motivated this study. The study applied the framework of ARDL with annual data that covers the period from 1980 to 2020. Findings indicated that in the short-run and the long-run, food production index had a positive and significant impact on life expectancy, while the effect of agricultural nitrous oxide emissions was negative though not significant. In the short-run and the long-run also, both GDP per capita and government expenditure on health had positive and significant impact on life expectancy. However, while government expenditure on education had a positive but insignificant effect on life expectancy, food importation had a negative but insignificant impact. Consequently, the study contends that government should continue to intervene in the cultivation of local food crops that are rich in nutrients through various incentives to small holder farmers. Equally, the rampant use of fertilizers in the cultivation of food crops, especially synthetic fertilizers should be reduced, while the importation and consumption of all manner of processed foods should be checked.